中国园林与中国传统
Chinese Gardens & Traditions

“无论宏大的皇家园林或精巧的私家园林, 人工池塘,山石,建筑和植物不仅是点缀园林的精美艺术品,更反映了园林建造者,所有者丰富的喜怒哀乐精神世界,外适内和,体宁心怡。”

"The garden ... private or imperial, is not merely a pleasing man-made artifact adorned with a pond, rocks, buildings, and plants. It is a piece of art that reflects the ideals of it's owner-designer, the joy and sorrow of its inhabitants, the vitality, tranquility, and beauty of the earth..."
- Joseph Cho Wang, The Chinese Garden

“美国国家中国园的设计取材于明清时期在长江以南建立的私家园林,体现了“园林建筑艺术的精髓”,是公认的理想艺术作品。”

The National China Garden is designed after the private gardens of the Ming and Qing Dynasties found south of the Yangtze River, which show "a highly developed art of garden construction" and serve as works of art.
- Lou Qingxi, Chinese Gardens



中国古典园林造景的五大关键元素
Five Key Elements in Classical Chinese Gardens *

Rocks

山石:中国文人喜在家中庭院堆山叠石 。在中国古典园林中大而多孔的山石通常被认为是最有价值的 。永恒的山石象征着古代道教思想讲求的修养身心,自然恬澹之所。

Chinese scholars used rocks as art in their homes. Large and porous garden rocks are often considered to be among the most valuable in a classical Chinese garden. These ageless objects symbolize the dwellings of Taoist immortals.

Water

水体:水体景观被公认为是中国古典园林设计的重要组成部分,与园林中的山体及其它元素相互平衡。观赏中国古典园林的最佳之处是依湖观山。

Water is considered to be the central component of a classical Chinese garden, serving as a balance for the other elements found in the garden. The best sites for classical Chinese gardens are on the edges of lakes with views of the mountains.

Scenic Views

建筑:通过建筑精巧布局将一个中国古典园林分成 一处或多处景观。 建筑设计突出庭院和庭外门窗观景视点。

The arrangement of structures divides a classical Chinese garden into smaller sections with one or more scenic views. The buildings are designed to accent the garden with windows and doorways that frame scenic views in their courtyards and beyond.

Plants

植物:一些特定植物,在源远流长的中国园林文化裡,因其自身的文化性倍受中国古典园林所青睐。如松,柏,梅,竹因其在恶劣的气候和环境条件下生长, 含意深邃,建造园林使用最多。

Certain plants are favored for classical Chinese gardens because of their association with overcoming the limitations of ordinary life. The pine, cypress, plum and bamboo are favorites because of their ability to grow in harsh weather conditions and rough terrain.

Artwork

艺术品:中国园林设计本身就是的一种自然和艺术的完美结合,是由建筑,山水,花木及书法,绘画,诗歌,舞蹈,插花和观石艺术品组合的一个综合艺术品。

Garden design is considered to be an art form in China, but one will also find other art forms like calligraphy, painting, poetry, dance, flower arranging and viewing stones in a classical Chinese garden.

* Courtesy of USNA

* 资料来源美国国家植物园 (USNA)